贵州汽车壹元银币

the,quot,of,and,的,银币,silver,汽车,rdquo,贵州

贵州汽车壹元银币

Guizhouautomobilesilvercoin

重:26.8g  直径:3.8cm

Weight: 26.8g diameter: 3.8cm

此枚藏品为“贵州银币”,正面中央为“贵州银币”上铭“中华民国十七年”,下铭“一圆”:背面中央为草地、汽车图案,上铭“贵州省政府造”,下铭记重“七钱二分”,是民国十七年(1928年)贵州造币厂为纪念贵阳-桐梓公路通车而制造的,草地内含当时省政府主席周西成的“西成”2字。市场价值很高,市场上仿品泛滥。它的汽车图案是贵州的第一辆汽车,是周西成从香港购来的美国福特牌敞篷汽车。由于贵州没有公路,这辆汽车是拆散后,人挑马驮运入的。银币上的汽车图案即以此车为原形。用汽车作银币图案,是近代银币中绝无仅有的,它与光绪龙、大清龙以及以人物为图案的近代银币相比,确是独出新裁而很受时人喜欢。使用了两种货币单位。即采用货币“元”单位,又使用已经废止了的清末货币单位“七钱二分”,这在民国银币中也是仅见的现象。这种不伦不类也反映了周西成虽颇有进取心,但其封建烙印依然十分深刻。

This collection is: "the republic of China double flag currency hunan province made 20 text", rare appearance plate, front left for the star flag, right for the five color flag, two national flags on the tie belt cross each other, the outer edge of the cast "hunan province made" four words, cast under the value of "when making money 20 text" six words, the left and right branches of flowers.

 贵州汽车银币”俗称“汽车银币”、“汽车银元”,简称“车板”,国外称AUTO DOLLAR。该银币以汽车为图案,这在中国钱币史。在我国已知发行的近千种老银币中,“汽车银币”因图案特殊,铸造量少,流通面窄,存世稀少等,早已是币中珍品。该银币正面:珠圈内是“贵州银币”四字,中心为“芙蓉花”,上下分环“中华民国十七年”、“壹元”九字,两侧小花。该银币背面:珠圈内是在草地上行驶的汽车图案,公路旁草叶组成“西成”二字暗记;草地由28片草叶构成,表明该银币1928年铸造发行;汽车前轮12根辐条,寓意一年平安吉祥、如意发达。上下分环“贵州省政府造”、“七钱二分”十字,两侧小花。

Guizhou automobile silver coin is commonly known as "automobile silver coin" and "automobile silver dollar". It is abbreviated as "car plate" and is called AUTO DOLLAR abroad. The silver coin is designed on automobiles, which is in the history of Chinese coins. Among the thousands of old silver coins known to be issued in our country, "automobile silver coin" has long been a treasure of coins because of its special pattern, small casting amount, narrow circulation area and rare survival. The front side of the silver coin is "Guizhou silver coin" in the Pearl circle, the center is "lotus flower", the top and bottom are divided into "17 years of the Republic of China" and "one yuan" nine characters, with small flowers on both sides. On the back of the silver coin: the car pattern in the Pearl circle is on the grass, and the grass leaves beside the highway constitute the word "Xicheng". The grass is composed of 28 grass leaves, indicating that the silver coin was minted and issued in 1928. The 12 spokes on the front wheel of the car imply a safe, auspicious and prosperous year. The upper and lower rings are "made by Guizhou Provincial Government" and "seven-dollar-two-cent" crosses, with florets on both sides.


贵州是典型的山区,“八山一水一分田”是最突出的省情,自古以来以交通不便闻名。贵州的公路建设始于20世纪20年代。1923年,省政府设立交通筹备处,拟建公路,直到1926年,周西成任省主席时,才把修建公路(当时称马路)提到议事日程,正式建立路政局,并在当年8月3日动工修建省会贵阳的环城马路,作为全省筑路的示范。1927年,周西城派人到香港购得一辆美国产福特牌轿车。这是贵州的第一辆汽车。1928年,贵州省政府铸造银币,把周西城的汽车图铸在银元上,想不到竟成为贵州汽车运输的纪念品,成为收藏爱好者喜爱之物。贵州银币曾经也流通过一段时间,因此留下来的钱币中大部分均是流通品,品相较差,作为未流通的试铸币才得以完美保存下来。此币由贵州省长周西成制造,他在当时刚完成了一条贯穿贵州省的重要公路的建设。正如在《世界钱币新闻》上刊登的文章所指出的那样,建设这条公路部分原因是为瞭解决当时的饥荒问题,为建公路而筹措的资金中一部分款项也是来源于国际饥馑救济总署。当时负责该专案的是一位美国人O.J.Todd,他写了一本有关他当时工作的书籍,里面就有周西成和他的汽车的照片。

Guizhou automobile silver coin is commonly known as "automobile silver coin" and "automobile silver dollar". It is abbreviated as "car plate" and is called AUTO DOLLAR abroad. The silver coin is designed on automobiles, which is in the history of Chinese coins. Among the thousands of old silver coins known to be issued in our country, "automobile silver coin" has long been a treasure of coins because of its special pattern, small casting amount, narrow circulation area and rare survival. The front side of the silver coin is "Guizhou silver coin" in the Pearl circle, the center is "lotus flower", the top and bottom are divided into "17 years of the Republic of China" and "one yuan" nine characters, with small flowers on both sides. On the back of the silver coin: the car pattern in the Pearl circle is on the grass, and the grass leaves beside the highway constitute the word "Xicheng". The grass is composed of 28 grass leaves, indicating that the silver coin was minted and issued in 1928. The 12 spokes on the front wheel of the car imply a safe, auspicious and prosperous year. The upper and lower rings are "made by Guizhou Provincial Government" and "seven-dollar-two-cent" crosses, with florets on both sides.


汽车银币因偷工减重、银含量不足,在讲究钱饱货足的当时,流通困难。它的流通,依赖政权力量强力推行。当时更多作为军饷,由军人借助于武力去购物进入民间。进入民间后,也难以在民间流通,又以税费等形式流回官方,再由军人、官员购物进入民间。汽车银币铸造后仅一年左右,周西成就死去了。政权因此更迭,汽车银币流通失去可依赖的政权力量。汽车银币流通时间过短,流通范围很窄,留存自然不多。后来,该银币多被持有者兑换给有关部门销毁,或以自行铸造银器等方式销毁。即使因种种原因当时未被销毁的,也在随后的政治运动及收缴中被销毁,使其存量日益稀少,成为珍品。

Car silver coins are difficult to circulate when they are full of money because of Jerry work and lack of silver content. Its circulation relies on the powerful implementation of the political power. At that time, as a military salary, soldiers used force to go shopping and enter the civilian community. After entering the civil society, it is also difficult to circulate among the people, and return to the official in the form of taxes and fees, and then the soldiers and officials buy goods into the civil society. Only about a year after the silver coin was minted, Zhou Xicheng died. As a result, the regime has changed, and the circulation of automobile silver coins has lost the amount of political power that can be relied on. The circulation time of automobile silver coins is too short, the circulation scope is very narrow, and the retention is not much. Later, most of the silver coins were converted by the holders to the relevant departments for destruction, or were destroyed by self-casting of silverware, etc. Even those that were not destroyed at that time for various reasons were destroyed in subsequent political movements and seizures, making their stocks increasingly scarce and becoming treasures.
“贵州汽车银币”在中国近代机制币史上颇有名气。这枚银币是周西成在贵州主政时的得意之作,也是上世纪早期中国金融货币史上一件别具一格的“作品”。贵州汽车银币因其独树一帜的特点而深受收藏者喜爱。钱币所印的那辆美国敞篷汽车是周西成由广东所购,由于当时没有公路,汽车是拆散后,再人挑马驮运入贵州的,然后再重新组装。这是贵州省当时的一辆汽车。新造的贵州公路由贵阳通向西北方向,但不与其它公路接轨。在很长一段时间内,大家都认为汽车币是在四川省铸造,因为贵州省当时根本没有自己的造币厂。但我认为这枚钱币是在贵州制造,使用的是周西成的士兵从重庆造币厂掠夺而来的机器设备。近期中国出版的一篇文章中也证实了这一点。此币存在一种车门带点的罕见版式,是用重新雕刻的币模制造,好品相的极为少见。


小编给大家推荐的这枚贵州银币,该银币直径3.8cm,重26.8克左右,齿边,成色在78%-79%之间,正面上书“中华民国十七年”字样,正中为“贵州银币”四字,中心为“芙蓉花”下为“壹圆”;背面为“贵州省政府造”,中间为在草地上行驶的汽车图案,下边为“七钱二分”字样。草地由28片草叶构成,预示银币是1928年铸造发行的,汽车前轮12根辐条,预示一年12个月平安吉祥,如意发达。此藏品为不可多得之收藏重品。

Car silver coins are difficult to circulate when they are full of money because of Jerry work and lack of silver content. Its circulation relies on the powerful implementation of the political power. At that time, as a military salary, soldiers used force to go shopping and enter the civilian community. After entering the civil society, it is also difficult to circulate among the people, and return to the official in the form of taxes and fees, and then the soldiers and officials buy goods into the civil society. Only about a year after the silver coin was minted, Zhou Xicheng died. As a result, the regime has changed, and the circulation of automobile silver coins has lost the amount of political power that can be relied on. The circulation time of automobile silver coins is too short, the circulation scope is very narrow, and the retention is not much. Later, most of the silver coins were converted by the holders to the relevant departments for destruction, or were destroyed by self-casting of silverware, etc. Even those that were not destroyed at that time for various reasons were destroyed in subsequent political movements and seizures, making their stocks increasingly scarce and becoming treasures
汽车银币与光绪龙、大清龙以及以人物为图案的近代银币相比,独出新裁很受时人喜欢。且此币上隐藏着由草叶构成的“西成”两字暗记,希望能流芳百世。贵州银币随着政权更迭,失掉可依靠的政权力气,流通时间很短,流转规模很窄,留存天然不多,使其存量日益稀疏,变成珍品。

Compared with Guangxulong, Daqing Dragon and modern silver coins with characters, the new automobile coins are very popular. And this coin is hidden by the word "Xicheng" composed of grass and leaves, hoping to be remembered for centuries. With the change of political power, Guizhou silver coins lose the political power that can be relied on. Their circulation time is very short, their circulation scale is very narrow, and their natural reserves are not much, which makes their stocks increasingly sparse and become treasures. The collection of heavy goods.

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